Topic 84: मुझे जाना पड़ेगा I will have to go

Context: Tim and Rita carry on talking about what they should do.

Tim talking to Rita

बातचीत

रीटा - अच्छा, अब तो बताना पड़ेगा कि तुमको क्या ख़रीदना है?

टिम - तुमको याद है कि अगले महीने जब हम भारत में होंगे तो किस का जन्मदिन होगा?

रीटा - मुझे सोचने दो, अच्छा, ओफ़! मैं भूल गई, आण्टी जी का है, है न?

टिम - बिल्कुल, और भाई ने कहा कि उनके लिए यहाँ से कोई ऑस्ट्रेलियाई तोहफ़ा लाना पड़ेगा।

रीटा - ठीक, तो कोई अनुमान है कि उनको क्या पसंद होगा?

टिम - मुझे अच्छी तरह से याद है कि उनको बुनना बहुत पसंद है और इसलिए मैंने तय किया है कि मैं उनके लिए ऑस्ट्रेलियाई ऊन ज़रूर ख़रीदूँगा।

Conversation

Rita - Alright, so now you will have to tell me what do you have to buy?

Tim - Do you remember that next month when we are in India whose birthday it is?

Rita - Let me think, okay, Oh! I forgot, its aunty's isn't it?

Tim - Absolutely, and brother said to bring some Australian presnt for her from here.

Rita - Okay, so do you have any guess what she would like?

Tim - I remember well that she likes knitting and so I have decided I will buy Australian wool for her.

Notes: infinitive + पड़ना = strong and future compulsion

The use of पड़ना instead of होना gives a sense that the thing ‘has to be’ done and often carries the sense that this is against the will of the doer. On its own पड़ना means to lie, or fall, and it loses its separate sense in this construction (but note the similarity to English ‘It fell to him to rule the kingdom’.

Compulsion in relation to the future is also spoken of using पड़ना.

Compulsion in relation to repeated habitual actions is spoken of with पड़ना.

It also makes it possible to distinguish between what you had to do, and actually did in the past, using पड़ना in the past perfective, and what you had to do, but did not do, using होना.

You find the पड़ना form of compulsion statement in the perfective with negative statements, but this often gives the sense that this was contrary to expectation.

Vocabulary

~ को याद होना for X to remember

तोहफ़ा nm. present, gift

जन्मदिन nm. birthday

अनुमान nm. guess

बुनना vt. to weave, to knit

पड़ना vi. to lie, fall (inanimates); inf. + ~ ‘have to’

ध्यान nm. concentration; ध्यान से adv. attentively

लिखावट nf. writing

सुधारना vt. to improve, to reform

अदालत nf. court of law