Topic 83: मुझे जाना है I must go (external compulsion)

Context: Tim and Rita get home and talk about what they have to do tomorrow.

Tim and Rita talking

बातचीत

टिम - कल तुम क्या करोगी? काम से फ़ुरसत है?

रीटा - नहीं भाई! तनख्वाह कमाना पड़ता है। कल मुझे काम पर जाना है।

टिम - अच्छा, समझ गया। ठीक, कल मुझे कालेज में पढ़ना है लेकिन पहले बैंक जाना है।

रीटा - क्यों, क्या बात है?

टिम - मुझे पैसा जमा करना है क्योंकि आज मुझे सौ डालर का एक चेक मिला।

रीटा - क्या बात है! कहाँ से मिला?

टिम - मेरे भाई ने मुझे चेक भेजा क्योंकि... मुझे उसके लिए कुछ ख़रीदना है।

Conversation

Tim - What will you do tomorrow? Do you have time off work?

Rita - No brother! I have to earn a salary. I have to go to work tomorrow.

Tim - Alright, I understand. Okay, tomorrow I have to study in college but first I have to go to the bank.

Rita - Why, what for?

Tim - I have to deposit some money because today I got a cheque for one hundred dollars.

Rita - Amazing! Where did you get it from?

Tim - My brother sent me a cheque... because I have to buy something for him.

Notes: infinitive + होना = external compulsion

Consider these examples of statements about what must be done.

Infinitive + होना gives the sense that something must be done because of some external agency, another person, or physical necessity. You can also use this construction for things which happened in the past. But you will need to translate it with had to, etc. as in English if you say something like ‘I must have had to go’ it has a different sense.

You can’t make a future form of compulsion with the होना construction. It would be one of the uses of होगा etc. that relate to assumptions. For instance:

For compulsion in the future you have to use the construction described in the next topic.

When giving advice it is polite to tell somebody that they should do something, although it is something they actually must do.

However, in fact you have to have a passport to travel internationally so a description of the situation would be as follows.

Vocabulary

फ़ुरसत nf. leisure, free time, leave

तनख़्वह nf. salary (also from Sanskrit वेतन)

कमाना vt. to earn money

कालेज nm. college (In Indian and UK usage college is the same as university, a place you study)

जमा nf. collection, deposit; जमा करना vt. to deposit

जागना vi. to wake up, to stay awake

भर adj. whole, entire; ~ भर all ~

तरह nf. type, sort; तरह-तरह का ~ all sorts of ~

भोजन nm. food (more formal than खाना mostly with the meaning of meals or dishes)

पकाना vt. to cook