Topic 73: मुझे बहुत पसंद आया I enjoyed it a lot

Context: Tara and Rita talk about their experiences in India.

Tara talking

बातचीत

रीता - तुमको भारत पसंद आया? आपके महसूस कैसे थे?

तारा - ज़रूर, मुझे बहुत पसंद आया। ख़ास तौर पर मुझे दोस्तों से मिलकर बड़ी ख़ुशी हुई।

रीता - तुम अकेली गईं? तुमको इधर-उधर घूमने में डर नहीं लगा?

तारा - मैं मार्क के साथ गई, और हम हमेशा किसी जानकार दोस्त के साथ घूमने गए।

रीता - वहाँ की ग़रीबी और भ्रष्टाचार देखकर तुमको कैसा लगा?

तारा - ग़रीबी देखकर मुझे दुख लगा, और भ्रष्टाचार देखकर मुझे गु़स्सा आया!

Conversation

Rita - Did you like India? How were your experiences?

Tara - Certainly, I liked it a lot. In particular I was very happy to meet my friends.

Tara - Did you go on your own? Didn't you feel scared travelling around on your own?

Rita - I went with Mark, and we always went around with a knowledgeable friend.

Tara - How did you feel seeing the poverty and corruption there?

Rita - I felt sad seeing the poverty and I became angry seeing the corruption.

Notes: use of पसंद आना, मज़ा आना, ग़ुस्सा आना

A number of emotional states are said to ‘come’ to people in Hindi. The sense of this in English is similar to saying things like ‘I felt joy’. These usages implies a change of state, in which the experiencer has an emotion come to them. Compare the difference between these two possible usages with पसंद.

  मुझे भारत पसंद है। I like India. (an abiding condition)
  मुझे भारत पसंद आया। I liked India/I enjoyed India. (a change of state)

There are also some emotional states which are normally spoken of as 'coming to somebody'. These include मज़ा आना to feel pleasure/joy, ग़ुस्सा आना to feel/get angry, शर्म आना to feel shame.

  यह गाना सुनकर आपको मज़ा आएगा। You’ll enjoy hearing this song.
  उस दिन हमको बहुत ग़ुस्सा आया। We got very angry that day.
  उस आदमी को बहुत शर्म आती है। That man feels very ashamed.

There are also states which are felt with लगना as in a sense they ‘stick’ to you. These include डर लगना to feel fear.

  रात को शहर में उसको डर लगा। S/he felt fear in the night in the city.

Some states ‘happen’ to somebody, such as ख़ुशी होना to feel happy.

  आपसे मिलकर मुझे बहुत ख़ुशी हुई। Very happy to meet you.
    (literally 'having met you to me much happiness occurred.)  

Some states such as दुख sorrow can be said to be felt as either दुख लगना or दुख होना to feel sorrow.

  आपकी ख़बर सुनकर मुझे बहुत दुख लगा/हुआ। I felt very sad hearing your news.

It is, unfortunately, impossible to predict these usages and the combinations of words for emotions and the appropriate verbs have to be learned by heart.

Vocabulary

  अनुभव nm. experience, impression (Sanskrit)
  महसूस nm. experience, feeling (Urdu)
  ख़ास तौर पर   in particular
  आम तौर पर   in general
  अकेला adj. alone
  डर nm. fear; ~ को डर लगना,  for ~ to feel fear
  जानकर adj. knowledgeable
  ग़रीबी nf. poverty
  भ्रष्टाचार nm. corruption
  दुख nm. sorrow; ~ को दुख लगना/होना, for ~ to feel sorrow (rarely also spelled दुःख )
  ग़ुस्सा nm. anger; ~ को ग़ुस्सा आना ~, for ~ to feel anger
  शर्म nf. shame; ~ को शर्म आना ~, for ~ to feel shame
  ख़ुशी होना nf. happiness; ~ को ख़ुशी होना, for ~ to feel happiness