Topic 70: मैंने आपकी बात समझी I understand (exceptional verbs)

Context: Meanwhile Mark stops at the shop and buys the medicine. [click on image for dialogue]
in the medicine shop

बातचीत

मार्क - मुझे भानजे के लिए पेटदर्द की दवाई चाहिए।

दुकानदार - ठीक है, मैंने आपकी बात समझी। उसको बुख़ार भी है?

मार्क - मैंने अभी तक नहीं देखा। दीदी ने बताया कि उसको पेटदर्द और बुख़ार भी है।

दुकानदार - क्या तुम उसको डॉक्टर के पास ले गए?

मार्क - अभी तक नहीं, दीदी ने फ़ोन किया और मैंने समझा कि बस, वह कुछ बीमार है।

दुकानदार - अभी के लिए ये दवाई ले लो। लेकिन कल डॉक्टर के पास ले जाना।

Conversation

Mark - I want some stomach ache medicine for my nephew.

Shopkeeper - Okay, I understand what you are saying. Does he also have a fever?

Mark - I have not seen him yet. My sister said that he has a stomach ache and a fever as well.

Shopkeeper - Have you taken him to the doctor?

Mark - Not yet, my sister rang and I understood that he was just a bit sick.

Shopkeeper - For the moment take this medicine. But take him to the doctor tomorrow.

Notes: Exceptional verbs

There are a small number of verbs which take ने in the perfective when there is an object present, but without an object are intransitive. In some cases the sense is different with or without a ने, for instance with पढ़ना. Some Hindi verbs, mostly related to bodily actions, are transitive in Hindi.

However, the vast majority of Hindi verbs behave predictably in the perfective in Hindi and basically you just have to remember which verbs take ने and which don’t just as you have to remember the gender of nouns.

There is some variation in usage in a few verbs. For instance, whilst कहना, to say, always takes ने, normally बोलना to speak, or of birds 'to twitter/sing' etc., does not take ने.

However, some Hindi speakers also use बोलना in the sense of to say something, and in that case it does take ने and you hear people saying things like:

Notes

In Hindi to say ‘go to [somebody]’ you say you ‘go near [somebody]’

In the dialogue the shopkeeper says ले लो 'take ' which is a softer way to say लो 'take'. We will learn more about this later.

Vocabulary

भानजा nm. nephew

जीतना vi./vt. to win; (with object, vt.)

सूंघना vt. to smell, to sniff

चबाना vt. to chew

छींकना vt. to sneeze

थूकना vt. to spit

कोयल nf. cuckoo

दुनिया nf. world

डोलना vi. swing, shake, tremble

गुजराती nf. Gujarati language; adj. related to Gujarat