Topic 63: कुछ/कोई some/any

Context: Baljeet asks if they have any suggestions for improvements.

Salim wondering about any improvements

बातचीत

बलजीत - क्या आपके कुछ सुझाव हैं कि आगे मैं क्या करूँ?

सलीम - मुझे कोई बंगाली मछली डिश पसंद होगा।

बलजीत - ठीक है जी, मैं याद रखूँगा। मछली का कोई नया डिश।

मार्क - आपका सारा खाना अच्छा है, लेकिन शायद दाल फ़्राई में कुछ कम मिर्च चाहिए।

बलजीत - मार्क, आपको कोई और नया डिश चाहिए?

मार्क - नहीं, नहीं, सब कुछ ठीक है, बस, कुछ और नहीं चाहिए।

Conversation

Baljeet - Do you have any suggestion about what I should do in the future?

Salim - I would like some Bengali fish dish.

Baljeet - Okay sir, I will remember. Some new fish dish.

Mark - All your food it great, but perhaps there should be some less chilli in the dal fry.

Baljeet - Mark, do you want any new dish?

Mark - No, no, everything is fine, as it is, I don't want anything more.

Notes: कुछ/कोई

कुछ  used before a noun is an adjective which means some/any.

कुछ  used on its own is a pronoun for inanimate objects which gives the sense of something/anything. It has no oblique form and कुछ  and कुछ नहीं nothing, are both masculine singular.

कोई  as an adjective is used for ‘some’ with singular objects, or living beings.

कोई  ‘somebody/anybody’ as a pronoun always refers to living beings.

कोई  has an oblique singular form किसी. For instance:

कोई has a plural form कई  several. Note these three sentences.

Note also सब कुछ everything, कुछ और something more, कुछ नहीं nothing.

Vocabulary

सुझाव nm. suggestion

आगे adv. ahead, in future

याद nf. memory; याद रखना  vt. to remember

सारा adj. all, whole, entire

सभी adj. all, every single one, absolutely all (from सब+ही)

आम nm. mango; adj. ordinary

काफ़ी nf. coffee; adj. enough, fairly

कोई pr. / adj. pr. somebody/someone/anyone/anybody; adj. some/any

कई pr. / adj. several

बस int. enough, that’s all; nm. bus

डिश nm. dish of food (replacing [S] व्यंजन nm. dish of vegetables to be eaten with rice etc.) [some speakers also regard it as nf.]