Topic 59: कितने बजे हैं ? What is the time?

Context: Vivek rings from Delhi to ask what is the time in Perth.

man talking

बातचीत

विवेक - मेलबोर्न में कितने बजे हैं?

तारा - अब यहाँ चार बजकर बीस मिनट हैं।

विवेक - पर्थ में कितने बजे हैं?

तारा - पर्थ में लगभग डेढ़ बजे हैं। और दिल्ली में कितने बजे हैं ?

विवेक - अब दिल्ली में बारह बजने में दस मिनट हैं।

Conversation

Vivek - What is the time in Melbourne?

Tara - Now the time here is twenty past four.

Vivek - What is the time in Perth?

Tara - Its about half past one in Perth.
And what is the time in Delhi?

Vivek - Its ten minutes to twelve now in Delhi.

Notes: Telling the time (समय/वक्त nm. & बजना vi. to be struck)

To ask what is the time is you can say either of the following.

To tell the time you might then say:

To tell the time in hours and minutes you use: बजने में and (‘in striking’) or बजकर ( ‘having struck’) depending on if its before half past or afterwards.

Hindi speakers normally talk about time using quarter hour increments and words for fractions that have no single word English equivalents.

12.45 पौन बजा a quarter to one पौन = three quarters
1.15 सवा बजा a quarter past one ~ सवा =quarter more than ~
1.30 डेढ़ बजा half past one डेढ़ one and a half
1.45 पौने दो बजे a quarter to two पौने ~ = ~ less a quarter
2.15 सवा दो बजे a quarter past two
2.30 ढाई बजे half past-two ढाई two and a half

From 2.45 onwards the pattern is regular, ‘fraction + number’.

2.45 पौने तीन बजे quarter to three
3.00 तीन बजे three o’clock
3.15 सवा तीन बजे a quarter past three
3.30 साढ़े तीन बजे half past three

Vocabulary

लगभग adv. approximately

समय nm. time (Sanskrit)

वक्त nm. time (Persian)

पौन num. ‘three quarters’

सवा num. ‘plus a quarter’

डेढ़ num. ‘one and a half’

पौने num. ‘less a quarter’

ढाई num. ‘two and a half’

साढ़े num. ‘plus a half’ (for three and a half and larger