Topic 54: शायद बारिश हो Perhaps it may rain (irregular subjunctive)

Context: Mark rings his elder sister to check on what medicine to buy.

Mark talking on the phone

बातचीत

मार्क - दीदी, मैं कौन-सी दवाई ख़रीदूँ?

दीदी - आप कौन-सी दुकान में होंगे?

मार्क - मैं नई सड़क की दवाई की दुकान के पास हूँ, क्या मैं वहाँ से कुछ लूँ?

दीदी - बॉबी की हालत बहुत कमज़ोर है उसको गोलियाँ और कफ़ सीरप भी चाहिए।

मार्क - क्या वह सिर्फ़ बच्‍चों का कफ़ सीरप पिए?

दीदी - हाँ, कुछ महँगा है, लेकिन मैं आपको बाद में पैसा दूँगी।

Conversation

Mark - Didi, what medicine should I buy?

Didi - What shop will you be in?

Mark - I am near the pharmacy on new street, shall I get something from there?

Didi - Bobby's state is very weak, he needs pills and cough syrup.

Mark - Should he only drink children's cough syrup?

Didi - Yes, it's a bit expensive but I will give you the money later.

Notes: Irregular subjunctive forms

The verb होना to be or to become, as in:

होना to be

  मैं हूँ/मैं होऊँ I may/might be/become (both forms found but first is ambiguous)
  तू/यह/वह हो you/she/he may/might be/become
  हम हों we may/might be/become
  तुम हो you may/might be/become (as in शायद, तुम हो। Perhaps, it’s you.)
  आप/ये/वे हों you/they may/might be/become

The verb लेना to take, as in:

  मैं लूँ I may/might take
  तू/यह/वह ले you/he/she may/mighttake
  हम/आप/ये/वे लें we/you/they may/might take

The verb देना to give, as in:

  मैं दूँ I may/might give
  तू/यह/वह दे you/he/she may/might give
  हम/आप/ये/वे दें we/you/they may/might give

Spelling issues
With stems ending in a consonant add the ending as mātrā, e.g.

देखूँ I may see

but with stems ending in -आ- add as an initial vowel, e.g.

बताऊँ I may tell

With stems ending in –ई shorten the stem ending to - इ, e.g.

  मैं पिऊँ I may drink
  वह पिए s/he/it may drink
  आप पिएँ you may drink

With stems ending in –ऊ shorten the stem to - उ e.g.

  मैं छुऊँ I may touch
  वह छुए s/he/it may touch
  आप छुएँ you may touch

Vocabulary

दवाई nf. medicine
सड़क nf. street
बाज़ार nm. market
हालत nf. condition, state
कमज़ोर adj. weak (lit. ‘less-strong’)
गोली nf. ball, pill, bullet
ख़ुशख़बरी nf. good news
यात्रा nf. trip, journey
विदा nf. leave, departure
मंगलमय adj. auspicious, fortunate, ‘lucky’
शुभकामना nf. best wish