Topic 53: हम वहाँ मिलें Shall we meet there? (subjunctive)

Context: Saleem and Tara talk about meeting to go shopping.

Tara talking about shopping

बातचीत

सलीम - शायद मैं भी आऊँ?

तारा - ठीक है, शायद मैं दोपहर को वहाँ जाऊँ।

सलीम - अच्छा, तो क्या हम दुकान पर मिलें ? उसका पता क्या है ?

तारा - नवासी फ़ॉस्टर स्ट्रीट, स्टेशन के पास है, वहाँ पर किसी से पूछो।

सलीम - ठीक और शायद हम शहर में सैर करें।

तारा - नहीं, शायद बारिश हो, क्यों न हम फ़िल्म देखने चलें।

Conversation

Salim - May I come to?

Tara - Okay, perhaps I may go in the afternoon.

Salim - Good, so shall we meet at the shop?
What is it's address?

Tara - Eighty-nine Foster Street, near the station. Ask somebody there.

Salim - Okay and perhaps we will wander in the city.

Tara - No, it may rain, why don't we go to see a film.

Notes: Subjunctive: possibility and suggestion

The subjective in Hindi expresses uncertainty and is used in three major ways.
First, with शायद at the start of the of sentence for something that may be true.

Second, for very polite requests to people.

Third, for when you ask one person to give a command to a second person.

Subjunctive verb forms
The subjunctive has only three forms and is the same for both masculine and feminine subjects.

The subjunctive forms of बोलना to speak

Note the तुम form of verb in the subjunctive would be identical to the तुम form imperative of a verb, in this case बोलो, and due to this तुम subjunctive forms are not used apart from with the verb होना, see next topic.

Negating the subjunctive
To make the subjunctive negative you add न before the verb which is like saying won’t [verb]. For instance:

Vocabulary

शायद adv. perhaps (with subj.), probably (not with subj.)
दोपहर nm. afternoon
दुकान nf. shop
पूछना vt. to ask
मिलना vi. to meet, to get, to find
बारिश nf. rain; बारिश होना vi. to rain
के साथ ppn. together, accompanied by
बाग़ nm. park
भैय्या nm. ‘brother’ (colloquial form)