Topic 48: यह देखने लायक़ है This is worth seeing (infinitive uses)

Context: the friends discuss what might be worth doing next.

Talking about what to do next

बातचीत

मार्क - आज टी.वी. पर देखने के लिए क्या है?
क्या हिन्दी फ़िल्म आ रही है?

बलजीत - आज हिन्दी फ़िल्म नहीं है क्योंकि क्रिकेट मैच चल रहा है ।

तारा - मुझे क्रिकेट देखना अच्छा नहीं लगता है ।
क्या सुनने के लिए अच्छे गाने हैं?

बलजीत - हाँ, ज़रूर ! आजकल बहुत सुनने लायक नए गाने हैं।

सलीम - पीने के लिए कुछ ख़ास है?

बलजीत - हाँ, आज मैंगो लस्सी है  । बहुत स्वादिष्ट है ।

मार्क - और खाने के लिए कोई ख़ास मिठाई है?

Conversation

Mark - What is there to see on the TV today?
Is there a Hindi film on?

Baljit - There is no Hindi film today because there is a cricket match on.

Tara - I don't like watching cricket.
Are there any good songs to listen to?

Baljit - Yes, certainly! There are lots of new songs worth listening to nowadays.

Salim - Is there anything special to drink?

Baljit - Yes, there is mango lassi today. It is very tasty

Mark - And are there any special sweets to eat?

Notes: uses of the infinitive

In sentences like ‘I like to watch/watching films’ in Hindi you use the infinitive of a verb.  In such usages the infinitive behaves like masculine noun.

Like other masculine nouns it goes into the oblique before postpositions.

के लिए  for or को to after an infinitive give the sense of ‘in order to’ do the action or ‘for’ the action. However, if the finite verb in the sentence relates to arriving at a destination then the को  or के लिए  is dropped.

मना होना  after an infinitive means,  ~ is forbidden.

लायक़  after an oblique infinitive means, ~ is worth/fit doing.

Vocabulary

लायक़   worth doing, fit to [verb]
आसान adj. easy
मुश्किल adj. difficult
मना adj. forbidden; मना होना to be forbidden
होटल nm. hotel
शराब nf. wine, alcoholic drink
कबाब nm. kebab