Topic 46: मुझे अच्छा लगता है I enjoy it (liking and enjoying)

Context: Tara, Salim and Mark eat sweets and talk about what they like.

Three people talking in a cafe

बातचीत

तारा - सलीम तुमको ऑस्ट्रेलिया पसंद है?

सलीम - हाँ, मुझको ख़ुशी है कि मैं यहाँ रिसर्च कर रहा हूँ ।

मार्क - क्या विवेक भी ऑस्ट्रेलिया आ रहा है?

सलीम - नहीं, उसको भारत अच्छा लगता है । तारा, क्या तुमको भारत अच्छा लगता है?

तारा - हाँ, मुझे बहुत पसंद है ।

मार्क - तुमको वहाँ क्या पसंद है?

तारा - वहाँ के कपड़े, खाना और सब कुछ अच्छा लगता है । मार्क तुम बताओ, तुमको भारत में क्या अच्छा लगता है?

मार्क - मुझे हिन्दी अच्छी लगती है और वहाँ के लोग अच्छे लगते हैं ।

Conversation

Tara - Salim, do you like Australia?

Salim - Yes, I am happy that I am doing research here.

Mark - Is Vivek coming to Australia?

Salim - No, he likes India. Tara, do you like/enjoy India?

Tara - Yes, I like it a lot.

Mark - What do you like there?

Tara - The clothes there, the food and I enjoy everything there.

Mark, you tell me, what do you like about India.

Mark - I like Hindi and I like the people there.

Notes: liking

One way to say you like something is like this.

Another way to say that you like or enjoy something uses अच्छा लगना, to feel good, in a construction which means literally ‘to somebody something feels good’. The phrase अच्छा लगना agrees with number, gender and tense.

If something is not liked use the phrase अच्छा नहीं लगता

Notes: Interrogatives (Question words)

By now you will have seen that Hindi questions words begin with a sound. क्या  what? Also an indicator that a following statement is a question, कौन  who? कैसा  how? कौन-सा  which? (i.e. which out of a number of possibilities), कितना how many? / how much? कब when? कहाँ where? or किधर wither? / in which direction? क्यों  why? किस लिए? for what purpose?

Notes: The conjunction कि

Note that the word कि translates as that in the passage above, but it is not interchangeable with the word वह that (indicating something) which in Hindi is a totally different word. In grammar terms कि is called a conjunction and वह  is a demonstrative pronoun.

Vocabulary

पसंद nf. & adj. nf. liking, adj. like

कि conj. that (NB not the same as the pronoun वह)

यहाँ adv. here

वहाँ adv. there

ख़ुशी nf. happiness

लगना vi. to seem, feel, appear, etc.

सब कुछ phr. everything

बिस्कुट nm. biscuit

क्या what

कौन who

कैसाhow

कौन-साwhich

कितना how many/how much

कब when

कहाँ where

किधर whither

क्यों why

किस लिए for what purpose

वह that