Topic 35: मेरा, आपका, इसका, My, your, etc. & था, थे, थी, थीं was/were

Context: Jaspreet serves Salim and the others at the table.

बातचीत

जसप्रीत - यह किसका चिकन है ?

सलीम - मेरा है।

जसप्रीत - यह किसकी मछली है ?

सलीम - वह मार्क की है ।

जसप्रीत - ये किसकी सब्ज़ियाँ हैं ?

सलीम - वे तारा और मार्क की हैं ।

Conversation

Jaspreet - Whose chicken is this?

Salim - It is mine.

Jaspreet - Whose fish is this?

Salim - That is Mark's.

Jaspreet - Whose vegetables are these?

Salim - They are Tara's and Mark's.

Notes: Possessive pronouns

Singular                           

Plural

मेरा

my

हमारा

our

तेरा

your (intimate)

तुम्हारा

your (informal) आपका your (formal)

इसका

her, his, its (near)

इनका

their (near)

उसका

her, his, its (far)

उनका

their (far)

The endings of these words have three forms like the adjective काला ending in:

For instance:

मेरा नाम

My name (masculine singular)

मेरे बच्‍चे

My children (masculine plural)

वह मेरे घर में है।  

S/he is in my house. (masc. sing. oblique)

मेरी बहन

My sister (feminine singular)

मेरी बहनें

My sisters (feminine plural)

Notes: था थे थी थीं was, were (simple past)

The Hindi words for was and were have four forms which agree with the number and gender of the subject of the sentence.

Vocabulary

तेरा

poss. pr.

your (intimate)

035

इसका

poss. pr.

her, his, its (near)

035

उसका

poss. pr.

her, his, its (far)

035

हमारा

poss. pr.

our

035

तुम्हारा

poss. pr.

your (informal)

035

आपका

poss. pr.

your (formal)

035

इनका

poss. pr.

his, her, their (near)

035

उनका

poss. pr.

his, her, their (far)

035

बच्‍चा

nm.

child

035

बहन

nf.

sister

035

कल

nm. & adv.

yesterday or tomorrow

035