Topic 32:  मैं दिल्ली में हूँ I am in Delhi (post positions)

Context: Salim, Mark and Tara talk about what is on their plates as they get their food.


बातचीत

तारा - अरे देखो, सलीम की थाली में कितनी चीज़ें हैं ?

सलीम - मेरी थाली में पाँच चीज़ें हैं।

मार्क - सलीम बताओ, उस बड़े कटोरे में क्या है ?

सलीम - इस बड़े कटोरे में रायता है।

मार्क - रायते में क्या है ?

सलीम - रायते में, दही है, खीरा है, मिर्च है, प्याज़ है और नमक भी है।

मार्क - क्या तीखा है, उसमें मिर्ची भी है ?

सलीम - हाँ, इसमें मिर्च है लेकिन कम है इस लिए ज़्यादा तीखा नहीं है।

बलजीत - जसप्रीत, फ़्रिज से ठण्डी रसमलाई लाओ।

आप रसमलाई चखिए, यह बहुत बढ़िया है ।

Conversation

Tara - Hey look, how many things are on Salim's thali?

Salim - There are five things in my thali.

Mark - Salim tell [me], what is that big bowl?

Salim - There is rayta in that big bowl.

Mark - What is in rayta?

Salim - In rayta there is, yogurt/curd, cucumber, chilli, onion and salt as well.

Mark - Is is spicy, is there chilli in it as well?

Salim - Yes, there is chilli in it but less and because of this it is not too hot.

Baljeet - Jaspreet, bring cold rasmalai from the fridge.

Baljeet - You taste the rasmalai, it is very excellent.

Notes: Postpositions

Instead of prepositions (words like ‘in’, ‘to’, etc. in English) there are postpositions in Hindi. So instead of saying in Delhi you say Delhi in.

English word order

I

am

in

Delhi

Hindi word order

I

Delhi

in

am

 

मैं

दिल्ली

में

हूँ

Note that postpositions are written separately from nouns but can either be written attached to pronouns or separately from them. There are five simple postpositions, so called because they consist of one word.

You must put the post position in the right place, note the difference.

In or on the थाली? (English and Hindi postposition choices)
Sometimes Hindi postpositions are not the same as in English. For instance थाली में ‘in a thālī’ as traditionally a thālī had a rim, although nowadays it might be more like a plate and somebody might also say थाली पर ‘on the thālī’.

Vocabulary

में

ppn.

in

032

पर

ppn.

on, at

032

तक

ppn.

up to, as far as, until

032

से

ppn.

from, with, by, to, than, since, दस

032

को

ppn.

to, and other meanings

032

बताना

vt.

to tell, to relate

032

मेरा

poss. pr.

my

032

कम

adv. adj.

less

032

ज़्यादा

adv. adj.

more

032

लेकिन

cj.

but

032

इस_लिए

phr.

therefore, due to this

032

फ़्रिज

nm.

refrigerator

032

चखना

vt.

to try a dish

032

इकसठ

num.

sixty-one

032

बासठ

num.

sixty-two

032

तिरसठ

num.

sixty-three

032

चौंसठ

num.

sixty-four

032

पैंसठ

num.

sixty-five

032

छियासठ

num.

sixty-six

032

सरसठ

num.

sixty-seven

032

अड़सठ

num.

sixty-eight

032

उनहत्तर

num.

sixty-nine

032

सत्तर

num.

seventy

032