Topic 28:ये प्याले हैं These are cups (singular and plural forms)


Context: Salim, Mark and Tara go back to the counter to get cutlery and change table.

बातचीत
सलीम - तारा, वहाँ देखो, तीन कुरसियाँ हैं। वहाँ जाओ और बैठो ।
तारा - ठीक है और तुम जाओ, देखो क्या-क्या खाना है ?
मार्क - सलीम, ये क्या हैं ?
सलीम - ये कटोरे हैं । हमको कितने कटोरे चाहिए ?
मार्क - हम लोग तीन हैं । हमको तीन कटोरे, और तीन थालियाँ चाहिए ।
सलीम - हमको तीन चम्मच भी चाहिए।
Conversation
Salim - Tara, look there, there are three chairs. Go there and sit down.
Tara - Okay and you go, see what food is there ?
Mark - Salim, what are these?
Salim - These are bowls. How many bowls do we want?
Mark - We are three people. We want three bowls and three thalis.
Salim - We also want three spoons.

Notes

All nouns in Hindi have gender and are either masculine or feminine. The genders of living beings follow their gender but the genders of all other nouns need to be memorised as you cannot reliably tell their gender from the sound of a word. To work out how to form the plural of a noun you need to know its gender and work out which of these four patterns it follows.
 
Singular
Plural
Masculine
आदमी
आदमी
 
Man
Men
 
लड़का
लड़के
 
Boy
Boys
Feminine
औरत
औरतें
 
Woman
Women
 
लड़की
लड़कियाँ
 
Girl
Girls
You need to also remember the following points. The only way to learn the genders of nouns for things is by memorising them and one way to do this is by memorising a word along with an adjective that agrees with the noun.

Vocabulary

प्याला

nm.

cup

028

कटोरा

nm.

bowl

028

कितना

interog.

how many?; how much?

028

लोग

nm.pl.

people

028

पिता

nm.

father

028

लड़की

nf.

girl

028

माता

nf.

mother

028

सीढ़ी

nf.

stair, ladder, steps

028