Topic 20: Respect levels in Hindi

Context: Rita and Tim meet Mahesh and his small son Pappu.


Notes

A major difference from English in Hindi is that there are three words for ‘you’. There are actually many levels of respect, ranging from speaking to people of exceptionally exalted status through to addressing people of very low status. The three main levels correspond to the three Hindi words for ‘you’ which are आप, तुम and तू, which we can call formal, informal and intimate levels.

The wrong level of address can be rude or insulting. Don’t address strangers as तू, officials as तुम or children as आप. The safest initial approach is.

Vocabulary

बढ़िया

adj.

excellent

020

आण्टी

nf.

‘aunty’

020

पर्वत

nm.

mountain

020

गढ़

nm.

fort

020

इकत्तीस

num.

thirty-one

020

बत्तीस

num.

thirty-two

020

तैंतीस

num.

thirty-three

020

चौंतीस

num.

thirty-four

020

पैंतीस

num.

thirty-five

020

छत्तीस

num.

thirty-six

020

सैंतीस

num.

thirty-seven

020

अड़तीस

num.

thirty-eight

020

उनतालीस

num.

thirty-nine

020

चालीस

num.

forty

020