Topic 17:    यह क्या है ? What is this?

Context: Tim and Rita are getting ready to go out and Rita asks Tim to look and see if her phone is in her bag, and for some reason he spreads out the things from the bag on the table and then says what he can see before asking Rita a question.



Notes: Hindi word order and simple statements

The normal word order in Hindi is that the verb comes at the end of the sentence. So to make a general statement like ‘there is tea’ all you say is: चाय है।  There is tea. (literally, ‘tea is’). You don’t need an equivalent word to the English ‘there’ in Hindi sentences like this, you just put the noun immediately before the verb.
When pointing out things in Hindi, just like English, Hindi distinguishes between things which are nearer the speaker, ‘this is/these are’ and those which are nearer to the listener ‘that is/those are’. Memorise these words as pairs the pronouns and the verbs that go with them as follows.

यह है

This is

 

वह है

That is

ये हैं

These are

 

वे हैं

Those are

Note that Hindi speakers pronounce the words for ‘this’ and ‘that’ in formal speech as they are spelled, but in informal speech they normally sound more like ये  and वो. Yet another pronunciation sounds a little more like ये and वे with the said clearly. However, the convention is that these words are written as in their formal pronunciation even if people say them differently.

Hindi does not have words for the English definite and indefinite articles, ‘a’ and ‘the’. However, sometimes एक ‘one’ can be used to convey a similar sense to ‘a’ in some contexts.

Vocabulary

पैसा

nm.

money

017

ठीक

adv.

okay, alright

017

अरे

int.

hey!

017

वह

pr.

that

017

ये

pr.

these

017

वे

pr.

those

017

फ़ोन

nm.

phone

017

चाबी

nf.

key

017

मिनट

nm.

minute

017

ख़त

nm.

letter

017

चश्मा

nm.

glasses

017